This book covers a tremendous amount of ground for the analysis of biophotonics imaging for medical diagnostics and therapy. The editors have brought together a set of international experts in the field to describe contemporary methods for imaging, including Monte Carlo modelling, tissue optics, nonlinear optical microscopy, optical coherence tomography, adaptive optics, and photoacoustic imaging of living systems. This book targets graduate students, postdocs and faculty who are interested in acquiring the broad background knowledge needed to become successful researchers in this area.