https://www.wsj.com/articles/the-wonderful-mr-willughby-review-hatching-a-new-science-1530838356

The scientists of the 17th-century—or natural philosophers, as they called themselves then—felt they were at the threshold of a new era of observation and experiment. And the more they examined the natural world, the more they felt that a new system of ordering it was needed—but they saw too that documenting the details and working out the patterns would require long and arduous work. It is hard to think oneself back into a pre-Linnaean era, before the establishment of the system of kingdom, class, order, family, genus and species, with their binomial identification. This...